Tivoli

VILLA D’ESTE Villa d’Este, masterpiece of the Italian Garden, is included in the UNESCO world heritage list. With its impressive concentration of fountains, nymphs, grottoes, plays of water, and music, it constitutes a much-copied model for European gardens in the mannerist and baroque styles. The garden is generally considered within the larger –and altogether extraordinary-- context of Tivoli itself: its landscape, art and history which includes the important ruins of ancient villas such as the Villa Adriana, as well as a zone rich in caves and waterfalls displaying the unending battle between water and stone.

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The imposing constructions and the series of terraces above terraces bring to mind the hanging gardens of Babylon, one of the wonders of the ancient world. The addition of water-- including an aqueduct tunneling beneath the city -- evokes the engineering skill of the Romans themselves.
VILLA ADRIANA Hadrian’s Villa near Tivoli (Rome) was built by Emperor Hadrian, starting from 117 A.D., as an imperial palace far away from the city of Rome. It is the most extensive ancient roman villa, covering an area of at least 80 hectares, more or less as Pompei. In 1999 Villa Hadriana was appointed one of the Human Heritage Monuments by UNESCO; as many other archaeological sites it is very famous, but still very little known in its essence, notwithstanding more than 500 years of excavations. A more scientific and modern approach to its study is a recent novelty.

Rome

Throughout its history, over two thousand years, Rome has accumulated important art treasures and archaeological heritage which noone has in the rest of the world. Countless are the archaeological ruins, monumental buildings, churches, libraries, museums and cultural institutions, all to visit.

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  • THE COLOSSEUM
    It's real name is Amphitheatre Flavian. Built in 72AD by an unknown architecture. Built in the valley between the Palatine, Esquiline and Celio is the symbol of Rome. In 72AD Vespasian gave way to the construction of the biggest amphitheatre of the Roman world although it was inaugurated by Titus, son of a successor of Vespasian, in the year 80AD games for 100 days took place, and 5000 animals were killed.

  • SPANISH STEPS
    The hour-glass shaped square is one of the most popular spots in the city. The fountain in the centre of the square, "the fontana della Barcaccia", was designed by Pietro Bernini, father of the great Lorenzo in 1629. The stairs, the celebrated Spanish steps, were built in 1726 by Francesco de Sanctis. At the top is an Egyptian obelisk, the so called Obelisco Sallustiano, as well as a church Trinita' dei Monti, with a 16th century facade by Maderno.

  • BASILICA OF S. PETER
    Built in 324 by Constantine, in 1506 the construction started by a project made by Bramante. Situated in the Vatican City the huge square in front of S.Peters Basilica can surely be called a masterpiece of architecture designed by Bernini. The most famous artists such as: Bramante, Raffaello, G. De Sangallo, Peruzzi, A.De Sangallo and Michelangelo, contributed to the construction of the basilica. Michelangelo designed the dome, the biggest ever built. After his death the work went on according to his plans based on the Greek cross, as had been intended by Bramante, however, in Paul V's time, Maderno finally adopted the design based on the shape of a latin cross.

  • TREVI FOUNTAIN
    It is the most famous and spectacular fountain in Rome, built by Nicolò Salvi in 1735, under Pope Clement XII. This eighteenth-century fountain is a mixture of Renaissance classicism and baroque. The backdrop for the fountain is the Palazzo Poli. The theme of the sculpture is sea. Stage, moreover, of unforgettable cinema movies.

Ostia

The ancient Roman city of Ostia was in antiquity situated at the mouth of the river Tiber, some 30 kilometres to the west of Rome. The shoreline moved seawards, due to silting, from the Middle Ages until the 19th century. Therefore Ostia is today still lying next to the Tiber, but at a distance of some three kilometers from the beach. Ostia is Latin for "mouth", the mouth of the Tiber. The river was used as harbour, but in the Imperial period two harbour basins were added to the north, near Leonardo da Vinci airport. The harbour district was called Portus, Latin for "harbour".

Frascati

The name of the town derives from the rural huts made with tree branches (It. frasca) built by the inhabitants of Tuscolo, when their town was destroyed by the Romans in 1191. The small hamlet became a rich town in the second half of the XVIth century when the Altemps, soon followed by other Roman families selected this location to build their villas. In 1620 there were already 14 villas belonging to the richest families who spent their villeggiatura (holidays) in Frascati.

Castel Gandolfo

Castel Gandolfo is situated 25 km south of Rome and faces the vulcanic homonymous Lake. Since 1597 this has been the Pope's summer residence and the gardens of the papal palace contain the ruins of Domiziano's roman villa. In the small town there is a beautiful square with the San Tommaso of Villanova Church and a fountain, both designed by Bernini.

Albano Laziale

Albano Laziale is a beautiful City situated 25 Km in the hills southeast of Rome. Near there are two little lakes called Albano and Nemi. the beach is very near, only 20 Km. The Alban hills were a place sacred to the people of Latium. Old roman roads, temples, villas, and theatres are still preserved there. Because of their coolness in summer and the absence of malaria, the hills for centuries have been a favourite summer resort of old Romans people. The vineyards produce the popular wines knwn as "Castelli Romani", "Marino Gotto d'Oro", "Frascati", "Fontana di Papa".

Ariccia

Ariccia boasts very ancient origins. As in all Latin cities, the first inhabitants of these places had to fight to maintain their independence. Ariccia became one of the most important Roman communities because of its geographical position between two volcanic lakes, Albano Lake and Nemi Lake. The most important monuments of Ariccia are: the Church of the Assumption, the Martorelli Inn, the Monumental Bridge, the Sanctuary of Galloro and the archaeological remains.